This study was performed by computer scientists at CNRS, Inria Nancy-Grand Est, Inria Paris-Rocquencourt, Microsoft Research, Johns Hopkins University, University of Michigan, and the University of Pennsylvania: David Adrian , Karthikeyan Bhargavan , Zakir Durumeric , Pierrick Gaudry , Matthew Green , J. Alex Halderman , Nadia Heninger , Drew Springall , Emmanuel Thomé , Luke Valenta , Benjamin VanderSloot , Eric Wustrow , Santiago Zanella-Beguelin , and Paul Zimmermann . The team can be contacted at weakdh-team@ .
We argue that noise distracts people but that the degree of distraction induced by various noise levels will affect creativity differently. A high level of noise may cause a great deal of distraction, causing individuals to process information to a lesser extent and therefore to exhibit lower creativity. A moderate (vs. low) level of noise, however, is expected to distract people without significantly affecting the extent of processing. Further, we reason that such a moderate distraction, which induces processing difficulty, enhances creativity by prompting abstract thinking. We predict, in sum, that a moderate level of noise will enhance creativity relative to both high and low levels of noise.